If you search for an adjective in the dictionary, it is always in the singular masculine form, e.B. Blanco. Adjectives in Spanish usually follow the patterns in this table to match the noun they describe. Adjectives ending in o in the singular masculine form have four possible endings, one for man, one for woman, singular and plural. These types of adjectives make up the majority of adjectives in Spanish. We will start this lesson with a video explaining the basic rules for using Spanish adjectives. The person in the video only speaks Spanish, but you can also enable the subtitles (cc) below to translate into English or check the script. This video contains some examples and notes that will be very useful to learn more about how Spanish adjectives work in the language. Nouns that end with all other consonants: These adjectives do NOT change gender! An explanation of the use of adjectives and agreement in Spanish nouns ending in [-o] or [-a]: these adjectives change the endings according to number and gender! As the name suggests, descriptive adjectives describe a certain quality of a noun. Some examples of common Spanish masculine adjectives are: Afortunado (happy), Old (big), Bajo (short), Bueno (good), Estupendo (big), Famoso (famous), Malo (bad) and Pequeño (small) There are a few adjectives known as immutable adjectives that do not change shape.
Most of them are either unusual colors or words of foreign origin. An example is web as in the página web (the website) and las páginas web (the websites). Sometimes a noun can be used as an immutable adjective, but this practice is much rarer in Spanish than in English. If you are a Spanish student, you rarely need to use immutable adjectives, but you should be aware that they exist so that they do not confuse you when you see them. Congratulations – You have completed the grammar quiz: Spanish adjective gender agreement. Spanish adjectives are usually listed in their singular masculine form in dictionaries, so it`s important to know how to match these masculine singular adjectives with the noun you`re describing. Most adjectives end with their singular masculine forms on o, e or a consonant. Here are the rules for assigning these adjectives to their respective nouns in gender and number. Adjectives can come before or after nouns, or they can be used with verbs such as ser (“to be”) to describe nouns.
But (with the exception of immutable adjectives), they will always correspond to the nouns they describe both in number and gender. Most adjectives that end in a consonant do not change by gender, but change for the number, as do adjectives that end in -e. In Spanish, adjectives must correspond to the noun (or pronoun) they describe in gender and number. This means that if the noun describing an adjective is feminine, the adjective must be feminine, and if the same noun is also plural, the adjective will also be feminine AND plural. Most adjectives must match the gender with the noun they change. When we describe a masculine noun as “Amigo”, we must also use a masculine adjective as “Honesto”. Just like nouns, Spanish masculine adjectives usually end with the -O vowel like “Bonito” and “Creativo”, e.B. “El niño es bonito y gordo”. In addition, some words ending in -R are also considered masculine adjectives. Exception: For adjectives that end in z in the singular, replace the z with a c before adding the plural extension. Some adjectives are used for both sexes despite their ending, especially those ending in -E or consonants, for example: “an interesting libro”, “a fácil examination”, “a chico optimista/una chica optimista”. Take a look at this unusual preview board of Spanish adjective endings now! Making a feminine masculine adjective is even easier.
Just follow these steps: However. Some adjectives (ending in [-ista], [-e] or [-l]) do not replace [-a] and [-o] with male/female. Be careful! In the previous lesson, we explained the rules for placing adjectives and talked about some situations where they are used before or after nouns. In this lesson, we will learn about another important feature called “concordancia del adjetivo y el sustantivo”, namely the Spanish noun-adjective agreement. Don`t worry, it will be easier than it seems, although you will understand everything much faster if you already know the basics of the name sex and the plural form of the names. Adjectives ending in e or -ista do not change by gender. They coincide with the masculine and feminine nouns in the singular, although they change for the number. The rule that has no English equivalent is that singular nouns are accompanied by singular adjectives, and plural nouns are accompanied by plural adjectives. Masculine nouns are described or limited by masculine adjectives, and feminine nouns are described or limited by feminine adjectives.
It is possible to make some masculine adjectives feminine by adding -A at the end when the words end with a consonant, but not in all cases, e.B. .